We’ve spent an entire quarter looking at the Purpose of Art. In the previous twelve essays, I took us through a solid primer on how Christians should approach the arts. If you missed an issue, I encourage you to find it online here at the 'bot. Here I conclude the series with a check sheet for your convenience of the most important points from throughout the year:
1. Art matters because ours is a culture of entertainment. Whoever controls the arts, especially in mass media, influences our culture most.
2. God should be at the center of our play and entertainment, including any involvement we have in the arts.
3. The first purpose of art is entertainment, not truth. It’s meant to create a certain pleasure in us—one that comes when we perceive something beautiful.
4. Art is meant to be beautiful so that beauty can reach our imaginations. In our imaginations, then, (through an appeal to our senses and emotions) we learn what only art and beauty can teach us.
5. We think by Reason and Imagination. Art is meant most to appeal to imagination, which thinks intuitively, metaphorically, and experientially.
6. What truth is to reason, beauty is to imagination. From this we learn that art communicates beauty to our imaginations in order to connect us to reality (and ultimately truths about reality).
7. Beauty appeals to the imagination and our senses (like sight and sound). One of the qualities of good art is that it shows rather than tells. For example, art doesn’t tell us to be brave. It shows us courage so profound that it’s beautiful. In the beauty of a story, we experience in imagination what might otherwise be spoken to our reason in the phrase, “be courageous.”
8. Art also appeals to our sensibilities, especially the aesthetic sense which allows us to recognize and appreciate beauty. This inborn attraction to beauty in the world is put there by God to draw us to Himself (Ecclesiastes 3:11).
9. Beauty shows us God’s glory; through it we realize that beauty is about more than just our senses. It’s about internal things, even spiritual things as well (I Peter 3:4 and Philippians 4:8). This is one reason why beauty can draw us to God.
10. Art reaches us by putting us through experiences which allow us to learn more deeply than we can from abstract explanations or simple statements. This is possible because there are different kinds of meanings. We often think of meanings as explanations in words, but not all meanings can be explained, and not all meanings need words.
11. A meaning may be true or false, logical or illogical, literal or symbolic. It may use language or it may be a picture or a sound. A meaning may even be singular or multiple. Not all meanings will be truths. Good art will always have more meanings in it than the truth statements we can get out of it. When art is true, it’s because its meanings show us things about reality, whether earthly or heavenly.
12. Art’s relationship with truth is more about helping us experience something real. We learn by reason, imagination and experience. Experience happens with our senses. Through them we experience the world outside ourselves. Imagination mimics the senses and so mimics experience. Art is an experience when we watch a movie or listen to a song. Art puts us through an experience using the imaginative meanings that movies, books, or songs reveal to us. Art shows us realities or visions of reality. This way it can teach our reason truths about reality.
13. We judge art in several ways, starting with ourselves: “Will my exposure to this art form be done in a way which glorifies God?”
14. Then we judge art remembering that it can be morally good or bad, and aesthetically good or bad.
15. Judge art by whether or not you like it. Are you enjoying it—are you experiencing its beauty? Remember, though that there is enjoyable and admirable beauty. Some enjoyable beauties are ones we really shouldn’t enjoy (our imaginations have been mis-trained to like them), and we should learn to admire better beauties.
16. Good art doesn’t preach at us; it puts us through an experience. Ask if the experience is honest? Is the art form just trying to appeal to our juvenile tastes and appease our simplest desires, or does it show us something of the nature of reality? Art doesn’t have to be “realistic” in order to be honest, nor does it have to be pretty.
17. Finally, judge individual art forms, (paintings, sculpture, movies, books, music) by learning something about them so you can judge them with your whole mind.
Science Fiction University:The Purpose of Art, Part 13: In Retrospect
Dr. Starr, thank you for your informative series on art. I've been following your entries and have found them intriguing. My wife is an artist, so I have more of an appreciation for it than some people in the audience might, and I feel that it's true that a culture is ultimately judged by the art it creates.
I think art is one of the things that define us as humans. I don't know if animals have an artistic sense; judging by how my dogs and my cat decorate the house, I should say not. But since art is subjective, what do I know? Maybe "carpet with clumps of shed hair" is a legitimate oevre among animals?
Humans have been engaging in the creation of artwork since they became humans. Is art the physical manifestation of the imagination? It would appear so. Are humans alone in having an imagination? Who can tell? But we do seem to be alone in our appreciation of the arts.